Athanor: Open Source LENR Steps Forward

Italian high school teacher and engineer Ugo Abundo has released detailed plans thru the Italian blog 22Passi on how to build an LENR reactor like the one designed, built, tested and patented by himself and a group of professors and students at the Leopoldo Pirelli High School in Rome.  The reactor is an electrolytic cell much in the tradition of the one first built by Dr. Martin Fleishmann and Dr. Stanley Pons at the University of Utah in 1989.  However, modifications have been made and the current device most closely resembles a Ohmori-Mizuno cell, an early test cell built by 2  Japanese researchers with those respective surnames. The cell has been further modified by Eng. Abundo and his group to include a proprietary cathode that serves as the “heart” of the unit.  This cathode has been patented.  However, accordingly to Eng. Abundo, the purpose of this patent is not to protect intellectual property rights per se, but more to ensure that no one else patents this device and subsequently attempts to prevent others from replicating it. In fact, it is the goal of Eng. Abundo to see this cell widely replicated, thus aiding in confirming the results of his group in particular and LENR in general. Three Italian universities have reportedly already stepped forward and volunteered to confirm the results of the Leopoldo Pirelli High School group but the names of these institutions and the time table of their involvement is not clear.

Reportedly the Athanor cell produces energy at a coefficient of performance (COP) of 4, or 400% over the input energy.  By comparison, Andrea Rossi’s e-Cat reportedly has a COP of 6 and the device of rival Defkalion, the Hyperion, has a COP of 20. But, rest assured, the goal of the Pirelli HS Group is not to compete with Rossi or Defkalion, but to widely disseminate this technology in hopes of definitively providing proof of principal to a skeptical world.

Before providing links to the instructions on how to replicate an Athanor cell, first a little history on the etymology of the word “athanor.”  According to the Wiki:

In alchemy, an athanor is a furnace used to provide heat for alchemical digestion. An athanor is a self-feeding furnace, designed to maintain a uniform temperature. The athanor was also called Piger Henricus (“Slow Harry”), because it was chiefly used in slower operations, and because when once filled with coals, it keeps burning a long time. For this reason the Greeks referred to it as “giving no trouble”, as it did not need to be continually attended. It was also called the Philosophical furnace, Furnace of Arcana, or popularly, the Tower furnace.

Athanor Image

If your eyes glazed over and your mind disconnected as soon as you read the word “alchemy,” let me just remind you that alchemy was a precursor to modern science and its methods have been highly influential on such scientific disciplines such as chemistry and medicine. Two alchemists, Jābir ibn Hayyān and Robert Boyle, are both credited as being the fathers of chemistry, and it is said that the study of alchemy also influenced Isaac Newton’s theory of gravity.  Futhermore, “The attempts of alchemists to arrange information on substances, so as to clarify and anticipate the products of their chemical reactions, resulted in early conceptions of chemical elements and the first rudimentary periodic tables. They learned how to extract metals from ores, and how to compose many types of inorganic acids and bases.” (per Wiki alchemy article)

While the production of gold and silver from base metals was the primary goal of the practitioners of alchemy, to this point these elements have not been widely reported in cold fusion experiments, although there have been sporadic reports of such. However, there can be little doubt that repeated reports of transmutation of elements in cold fusion experiment are highly evocative of alchemy. Transmutation of elements is such an integral part of cold fusion experimental results that the term low-energy nuclear transmutation (LENT) is gaining increasing traction in some circles as the preferred term for the phenomenon. Enrico Fermi, Nobel Prize winner and one of the “fathers” of nuclear fission, once said “Give me enough neutrons and I will give you the entire periodic table.” Of course the lack of detectable neutrons has long been a primary criticism of nuclear physicists against cold fusion, with many failing to realize that in cold fusion the neutrons are an integral part of the transmutation and heat production process, and not largely  a hazardous byproduct as in “hot fusion.”

Now, the links on how to replicate an Athanor cell can be found at 22Passi and E-Cat World.  The instructions at 22Passi were originally in Italian and the link provided on E-Cat World is a Google translation of these. Needless to say, the Google translation is inexact.  The instructions at E-Cat World have been translated by an Italian speaking reader of that site, “Francesco,” and are much clearer than the Google translation. I have taken the liberty of formatting the translation from E-Cat World into PDF format for easing downloading and reference. It may be download and/or opened by clicking here. I did make some minor changes to make the document easier to read, especially the included diagram.

Some notes for those wishing to attempt replication of the Athanor cell:

  1. Be mindful of all instructions provided, including but not limited to the SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS.

  2. This is not a kitchen or garage project.  It is recommended that all experiments be carried out in a properly equipped laboratory by persons having the proper skills and training to conduct such experiments.

  3. Be advised that the calorimetry (measurement of heat output) is extremely challenging. As above, to ensure accurate results make sure you have the proper equipment and expertise to perform the proper measurements accurately.

  4. Ongoing testing results, additional instructions, updates and information will be provided on this page on 22Passi and I will provide pertinent updates on this site as they become available.

Happy (and safe) replication!

Completed Athanor of Leopoldo Pirelli High School, Rome, Italy


See video of the new and improved version of the Athanor, the Hydrotron, in operation here. (August 17, 2012)


See video and instructions on building the third generation Athanor reactor, renamed the Hydrobetatron, on You Tube. As of 09/08/2012 these videos are in ITALIAN ONLY, although there are some helpful descriptions in English under each video. Hopefully some will add English subtitles to the videos themselvs sometime in the near future.  (September 8, 2012)

Part 1

Part 2

Part 3

Part 4


Hydrobetatron (Athanor 3.0) Update — 09/12/2012

22Passi (translated from Italian)


Hydrobetatron Update — 09/18/2012

22Passi (translated from Italian)


For the latest news and updates see Headlines/Chatterings.


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18 Responses to Athanor: Open Source LENR Steps Forward

  1. Pingback: Home Power/Home-Made Power for Off-Grid Living » Blog Archive » OPEN SOURCE DIY LENR

  2. Ben says:

    Re: [Vo]:Last Day of April … where are the Defkalion test reports?
    Jed Rothwell
    Mon, 30 Apr 2012 14:20:34 -0700

    Tests have been performed. The people doing them would prefer to keep
    everything quiet for a while longer, for good reasons.


  3. Ben says:

    There is a comprehensive look at NanoSpire on PESN that I encourage all readers to take at look at. I am not convinced that NanoSpire’s technology is as safe as other LENR products being developed…or that it is a true form of LENR, using sono- (LeClair says this is NOT sonofusion) cavitation as a mechanism to produce said effects. However, it does appear the technology is very powerful and has enormous potential if the safety concerns can be adequately addressed…which is a HUGE IF when one is talking about radiation. Of course, this product would still be safer by orders of magnitude than traditional nuclear power.

    Audio interview



    What say you?

  4. Ben says:

    A new interview with Andrea Rossi by an Internet radio program called West Coast Truth.

  5. Anony Mole says:

    These guys will clean up just selling their powder mixture. $50.00 a shot, maybe a 500 orders. $25,000 to ship out their custom mud. I hope it all goes to their school to keep their science program cookin’ with heat. But now we may really start to see the scam artists come out of the woodwork. $250.00 LENR kits for sale on ebay. “You too can build run your own Cold Fusion bathtub heater. Just $199.00 plus S+H. Caution: only for serious scientists. Your results may vary.”
    But hey, the more the merrier. Hopefully we should see some provocative news pop here any week now.

    • Ben says:

      As Baccei pointed out in a previous article, the money to be made in this may ultimately end up in selling the fuel. I could see it being like a sell phone, where they practically give you the phone but you have to pay for the service. In this case, they could give you the device itself, or sell it at low, low cost, and then make the profit on the sale of the fuel.

      If there were cold fusion kits on e-Bay, believe it or not that would be a good sign. That would mean the stigma associated with the term cold fusion was melting away. Try to sell cold fusion or LENR kits on there now and you could hear the snickers from your house.

      It is funny how some people still make great efforts to connect the cold fusion with scam and fraud. Not ONE cold fusion researcher has been prosecuted for running a scam, EVER! In 23 years the only time fraud has been documented in associated with cold fusion are the allegations by the late Dr. Eugene Mallove against MIT that they covered up POSITIVE RESULTS in their replication efforts in 1989 to ensure millions of dollars in federal money for “hot fusion” research. Now, isn’t that ironic!

      • Anony Mole says:

        “Some people”, you mean the entire main stream media of the early 90’s? I’m not trying to connect it, it is connected. I am simply leveraging that notion and extrapolating it out into the world of internet scam artists – regardless of ploy. “I have a Algerian bank representative who would like to invest in LENR but does not have a contact in this country. Would you like to be that contact?”

        But, yes, if all truths were to be known, I would wager that hot fusion would win the trophy of the worst funding and fact fraud.

        • Ben says:

          I have very little doubt that eventually someone will try to run a scam linked to LENR. The more legitimate that it becomes, the more likely it is to happen. Maybe someday, if we are lucky, LENR can join, banking, politics, retail sales, used car sales, health care, politics, education, religion, etc., etc., etc., etc., as “legitimate” enterprises linked to actual scams and fraudsters. Perhaps the fact that no known scams have been run in association with LENR is an indication that it is not as far as long as we would want it to be in terms of legitimacy in the public consciousness. Now there is a depressing thought.

          • Anony Mole says:

            Ha! Your point made me laugh; so true. Yeah, when it becomes fully legitimized, then we might see it join the other fraud channels already in place. And, I agree, a depressing thought. But easily half of all human behavior can be categorized as depressing (in one scope or another), so maybe it’s just par for the course.

  6. Nakto says:

    Brad, Nichrome is a alloy of nickel, chromium, and often iron. No copper.
    May be you mean another alloy?

  7. Peter says:

    In response to Brad and Robert, the thermal conductivities of air and hydrogen are in W/(m.K)
    0.024 and 0.168. Hydrogen is a 7 fold better conductor than air.

  8. Brad Arnold says:

    Robert Mockan on April 10, 2012 at 2:45 pm
    Use a nickel wire in hydrogen gas and you can do the same experiment. In fact it even works with Nichrome resistance wire, that is a nickel and copper alloy.
    You can demonstrate LENR by putting a resistance heater using Nichrome heating elements, that you buy at the store, into a container of hydrogen gas at low pressure, and turn it on. Measure the temperature on the outside of the container filled with air and you get one temperature. Measure it filled with hydrogen and you get higher temperature. You can get an accurate measure of the LENR generated power by measuring the power into the heater, and measuring the heat generated by the heater with a flowing water calorimeter about the container. All the nickel hydrogen LENR products do is go to small size nickel particles to increase surface area, add ingredients to increase more spillover of atomic hydrogen onto the nickel particles, and increase hydrogen diffusion through the interstitial spaces of the nickel lattice by hydrogen gas pressure and temperature cycling, with or without the presence of an external magnetic field, and with or without additional lattice and hydrogen stimulation with ultrasonics, radio waves, AC magnetic fields, and so on. If you want proof of LENR, just do it. It is not rocket science.

    • Ben says:

      The experiments with wires is sort of what Celani is working on. I’d like to see some video documentation of that experiment via live stream or YouTube. Who got first? Mockan? Celani?

  9. Ben says:

    I need a little help from our readers. On the cell schematic, #8 is labeled Inox grid (originally labeled inox gold). I think Inox grid translates to stainless steel grid. Is that right?

    Also, #14 looks like splash wand and #19 looks like liquid wall…and I have no idea what either of those 2 terms are supposed to mean in the context of this cell. If someone can help decipher these, it would be appreciated.

    Please reference the E-Cat World and 22Passi diagrams to take a closer look.

    • duozerk says:

      The way I understand it: #19 “liquid wall” is simply a plate to prevent drops from the solution falling on to the floor, as described in the instructions:

      “collecting plate (19) of potential drops so they continue to weigh.”

      As for #14, I assume those are small opening in the glass allowing for the drops to fall in a controlled way on both sides (once again, this is all assumptions – I suggest you mail them to get confirmation as they are clearly inviting interested parties in asking questions about the design).

    • duozerk says:

      Sorry, forgot your first question: Inox does stand for Stainless steel, yes (it’s a word coming from the french translation of ‘stainless’: Inoxidable).

  10. Pingback: Athanor: Open Source LENR Steps Forward | e-Cat Site

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